How do you Learn a Language? - cloze

Mike Stanley
Activity set by Mike Stanley
Wikibooks: How to Learn a Language

First, do these vocabulary activities: Verbs and Other. Then, do this cloze activity. Listen to the MP3 recording if necessary: MP3 (slow), MP3 (fast). Fill in all the gaps with the missing words, then press "Check" to check your answers. Use the "Hint" button to get a free letter if an answer is giving you trouble. Click the this button again for another letter. Note that you will lose points if you ask for hints! Finally, do the Quiz.

Primero, haz las actividades de vocabulario. Luego escucha la grabación si es necesario. Rellena los espacios en blanco con las palabras que faltan. Haz click en "Check" para comprobar tus aciertos. Si te resulta difícil la respuesta utiliza el botón "Hint" y te revelará una letra de la casilla en la que te encuentres, puedes clickear varias veces en "Hint" y te dará cada vez una letra más de la palabra. Para obtener ayuda también puedes clickear en el botón "[?]" y te dará una pista. Perderás puntos con las pistas. Luego haz el Cloze y el Quiz.

Listen to Mike Stanley: (slow) (fast)
   aid      carry      challenge      come      down      encouraged      exposure      go      intend      join      key      master      minded      pick      point      proficiency      roadmap      schedule      set      slumps      smartphone      stalling      Stream      target      thought      tips      wayside      world      worth   
How do you Learn a Language?

Do your students ever ask you this question? It’s definitely something which as teachers we should take very seriously. Students need a and it’s our job to provide them with one from the word . As a language teacher, always try and keep in mind your own experiences as a language learner. What worked for you? What didn’t work? Students have to be nurtured and into learning a language. Sadly, it doesn’t come naturally for everybody and for many who do not know just ‘where to begin’, it may never come at all. A little discussion in class one about good learning practice will go a long way to motivating your students and help them to help themselves as they set out on the road to .

The following is the introduction from ‘How to Learn a Language’ from The complete text contains many useful about foreign language acquisition divided into categories such as Vocabulary, Reading, Speaking and Pronunciation and is reading for anybody thinking about learning or teaching a language.

‘Your best starting is to have either a pressing need, or a powerful desire to the language. This may seem obvious, but interest combined with passion brings the best results. If you're not really enthusiastic about learning the language, then you will end up or quitting. Your sustained interest is decisive - which is why courses with a teacher often work better than teaching yourself, as the structured setting and company can carry you over the inevitable . If the choice of language isn't made for you, a language that you can use or practice often in your daily routine, or create such opportunities for yourself. a speaking club where the enthusiasm is infectious, or spend some time with cultural things that motivate you. Rod Ellis in "The Study of Second Language Acquisition" (1994) states "SLA research ...views motivation as a factor in L2 learning." If possible, find materials like books, magazines, websites, radio, TV or movies in the language as a supplement to other education. Like- buddies (in real life or on chat-sites, for instance) are even better. The more you have to the language in actual use - whether passive (listening/viewing) or active (conversation, reading) - the better.

Once you have your mind on it, learning a language can actually be surprisingly simple. The first step is to approach it as a fun . Get excited and be confident about learning something new and it will make the whole process a lot easier.

These days, technology definitely makes learning a language like English a lot easier. Audio players and English-language radio stations are a great for those spending time in transit or trying to learn a language while doing something like driving or cleaning, and provide good models for speaking practice. Use the voice recorder app on your to record new words and expressions. Use free instant messaging services to send English messages to your teacher and friends. Make use of your e-reader to read books in English and instantly check individual vocabulary items. If possible, write down new vocabulary in your ‘notes’ app too (please note: none of these are recommended when driving!).

Even working 8 hours a day, getting 8 hours of sleep and allowing for one to two hours driving to and from work leaves you with about 40 hours a week. Your may vary for better or worse, but you will almost certainly have some moments of time during your day. During those free minutes, put in a CD//DVD or use your mp3 player. something directly from the internet. Review some vocabulary briefly using flash cards. It will make a of a difference. Buy some books. Then make sure to make time for practicing your new skills. Write messages to yourself, or on conversations in your head’.

So, what do you think of the ideas included in this text? The words ‘motivation’, ‘need’, ‘desire’ and ‘confidence’ seem to up quite a lot, don’t they? Maybe you have ideas of your own. It is of course by no means intended to be a complete guide, but it does contain some useful ‘food for ‘. What is clear however is that all successful language learners develop their own methods for effective learning and those that don’t invariably fall by the . When your students ask you how you are going to ‘teach’ them English, answer them politely and professionally and then ask them how they to ‘learn’. As teachers we are merely agents assisting in our students’ learning processes. It’s a bit like driving lessons; The student is the driver, you are the instructor in the passenger seat and the language? Well, the language is the car. Drive safely!