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English and the Plague - Cloze

Activity and text by Verónica Curlette.

First, do this activity: vocabulary. Then, listen to the recording if necessary: MP3. Fill in all the gaps with the missing words, then press "Check" to check your answers. Use the "Hint" button to get a free letter if an answer is giving you trouble. You can also click on the "[?]" button to get a clue. Click the this button again for another letter. You can also click on "[?]" for a different hint. Note that you will lose points if you ask for hints or clues! Finally, do the quiz.

Primero, haz la actividad de vocabulario. Luego, escucha la grabación si es necesario. Rellena los espacios en blanco con las palabras que faltan. Haz click en "Check" para comprobar tus aciertos. Si te resulta difícil la respuesta utiliza el botón "Hint" y te revelará una letra de la casilla en la que te encuentres, puedes clickear varias veces en "Hint" y te dará cada vez una letra más de la palabra. Para obtener ayuda también puedes clickear en el botón "[?]" y te dará una pista. Perderás puntos con las pistas.


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Alternative recording: right-click and download MP3
   aspects      chances      clergy      communally      coronation      crowning      desperate      domination      fleas      fluently      hold      illiterate      infected      invaded      labour      law      literate      mass      monks      out      parliament      peasantry      peasants      plough      prestigious      protest      revolt      rise      sucked      tended      took      unfolded      wages      willing      wiping   
English and the Plague.
In 1348 the Black Plague arrived in England out nearly a third of the population. Rats, aboard a ship coming from continental Europe, were with the plague. The , which the blood of the infected rats, bit people, who soon became infected and more often than not died.
Before the plague hit, England was in a very interesting linguistic situation. In 1066 Normans from France and conquered England and became the rulers for almost 300 years. French was the language of the ruling class and was considered to be very . Latin was the language of the all-powerful church and dominated all of religion and education in medieval England. English was only spoken by the very lowest class.
Few people could converse in all three languages. Some of the and the nobility were able to understand French and Latin. The had no access to nobility or education; therefore they had no access to any language other than their own, English. However, as the century it would be English, because of events caused by the plague, which would win over Latin and French.
The two social sectors hardest hit by the plague were the clergy and the peasantry. Many priests, and nuns were killed by the plague because they were the ones who most often to the sick and dying. The clergy also lived , which meant that their of being infected were very high. This left very few people who could read and write as the clergy was the sector which was most . They were also the ones who could best understand Latin.
The church was so for clergy that they often hired anyone who was to join. Those who did join were often the poor who were left without family or home by the plague. These new members of the clergy were English speakers. Because of this situation, Latin became a much less used language and English over where Latin had failed.
The church still had a strong on the population, however after 1348, most of their work, outside of , was conducted in English.
The other sector which was seriously affected by the plague was the English-speaking class. Just as the clergy was, the was nearly eliminated. There were very few able-bodied people left to work in the fields. The French-speaking ruling class had no one to plant, cultivate, or reap their produce. For the first time in nearly three centuries, the English speaking labourers were in a position to negotiate and conditions. The French rulers were forced to listen to these demands in English as that was the only language the peasants could use effectively.
The peasants grew stronger because of their improved situation and this gave to many other social changes.
In 1362 English replaced French as the language used for business and . It also was the first year that English was spoken in .
In 1381 there was a peasant . Although it only lasted five days and its leader, Wat Tyler, was executed, it made an opening for further by the peasantry in English.
At the same time, English replaced French as the language of instruction in schools and the growing English-speaking middle-class began to send their children to school.
Perhaps the event for English came in the last year of that century. In 1399, King Henry the fourth of Lancaster gave his speech in English.
After nearly three hundred years of French rule and Latin in the church, and therefore in education, English finally became the language of England.