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Jupiter - Cloze

Eli Driscoll
Activity set by Eli Daniel Driscoll

First, do this activity: vocabulary. Then, do this cloze. Listen to the MP3 recording if necessary: MP3 (slow) and MP3 (fast). Fill in all the gaps with the missing words, then press "Check" to check your answers. Use the "Hint" button to get a free letter if an answer is giving you trouble. Click the this button again for another letter. Note that you will lose points if you ask for hints! Finally, do the Quiz.

Primero, haz las actividades de vocabulario. Luego escucha la grabación si es necesario. Rellena los espacios en blanco con las palabras que faltan. Haz click en "Check" para comprobar tus aciertos. Si te resulta difícil la respuesta utiliza el botón "Hint" y te revelará una letra de la casilla en la que te encuentres, puedes clickear varias veces en "Hint" y te dará cada vez una letra más de la palabra. Para obtener ayuda también puedes clickear en el botón "[?]" y te dará una pista. Perderás puntos con las pistas. Luego haz el Cloze y el Quiz.


Listen: (slow / fast)
         
         
   close      crash      crushed      features      inner      lightning      magnetosphere      naked      named      orbit      probe      spacecraft      steered      storm      surface      twice   
Jupiter is the biggest planet in the Solar System with a diameter of 142,984 km. This is eleven times bigger than the diameter of Earth. Jupiter has a mass of about 318 Earths. This is the mass of all the other planets in the Solar System put together
The of a planet is the time and path it takes to go around the Sun. In the amount of time it takes for Jupiter to orbit the Sun one time, the Earth orbits the Sun 11.86 times. One year on Jupiter is equal to 11.86 years on Earth.

Jupiter is classified as a gas giant, because it is so large, and is made up mostly of gas. The atmosphere near the of Jupiter is made of about 88 to 91% hydrogen, 8 to 12% helium, and 1% other gases. The other gas giants are Saturn, Uranus and Neptune.

Jupiter has a magnetic field similar to Earth's but 10 times stronger. It also has what is known as a . The strength of the field is enough to be a serious danger to any spacecraft travelling past or to Jupiter. Jupiter's magnetic field is so large, it reaches the orbit of Saturn 7.7 million miles away. The Earth's magnetosphere does not even cover its moon, less than a quarter of a million miles away.

One of the biggest in Jupiter's atmosphere is the Great Red Spot. It is a huge which is bigger than the entire Earth. It has been known about for just under 200 years and possibly even longer.

Jupiter's large gravity has had a big effect on the Solar System. Jupiter protects the planets from comets by pulling them towards itself. Because of this, Jupiter has the most comet impacts in the Solar System.

Jupiter can be seen with the eye, without any special equipment. It was known to the ancient Romans, who it after their god Jupiter [12] Jupiter is the third brightest object in the night sky. Only the Earth's moon and Venus are brighter.[13]
Jupiter has at least 66 moons. Of these, 55 are very small and less than five km wide. The four largest moons of Jupiter are Io, Europa, Ganymede and Callisto. They are called the Galilean moons, because they were discovered by the Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei. Ganymede is the largest moon in the Solar System.

Eight have either flown past or visited Jupiter since 1973.
The Pioneer missions in 1973 and 1974 were the first spacecraft to take up pictures of Jupiter and its moons. Five years later, the two Voyager spacecraft discovered over 20 new moons. They captured photo evidence of on the night side of Jupiter.
In 1992 the Ulysses probe was sent to study the Sun. It only went to Jupiter after it had finished its main mission. Ulysses had no cameras so it took no photographs. In 2006, the Cassini spacecraft, on its way to Saturn, took some very good, very clear pictures of the planet. Cassini also found a moon and took a picture of it but it was too far away to show the details.
The Galileo mission in 1995 was the only spacecraft to go into orbit around Jupiter. It flew around the planet for seven years and studied all of the four biggest moons. It launched a into the planet to get information about Jupiter's atmosphere. The probe travelled to a depth of about 150 km before it was by the weight of all the gas above it. The Galileo spacecraft was also crushed in 2003 when NASA the craft into the planet on purpose. They did this so that the craft could not into Europa, a moon which scientists think might have life.



After you do the activity, why don't you watch: Jupiter on Youtube