Mixed Vocabulary Cloze 10

Activity by Maggie Twiss and Steven Starry - (Profesor en Alcorcón)

Fill in all the gaps with the missing words, then press "Check" to check your answers. Use the "Hint" button to get a free letter if an answer is giving you trouble. Click this button again for another letter. Note that you will lose points if you ask for hints!
After you do this activity, do the quiz.

Rellena los espacios en blanco con las palabras que faltan. Haz click en "Check" para comprobar tus aciertos. Si te resulta difícil la respuesta utiliza el botón "Hint" y te revelará una letra de la casilla en la que te encuentres, puedes clickear varias veces en "Hint" y te dará cada vez una letra más de la palabra. Perderás puntos con las pistas.


   enslave      flee      loot      lurk      overthrow      perish      slay      struggle      weaken      withdraw   
to - to cause someone to lose their freedom or liberty and become the property of another person. (esclavizar). Examples: “Almost every ancient civilization regularly (. . .) prisoners of war, convicted criminals, and defaulting debtors.” “From the 16th to the 19th centuries, an estimated 12 million Africans were (. . .) and sent to the Americas.” “In a general census of Attica and Athens in 310 BC, there were 21,000 citizens, 10,000 foreigners and 400,000 human beings who had been (. . .).” “Around 30,000 Spartans brutally (. . .) around 200,000 neighbouring Helots for centuries.”
to – to remove somebody forcibly from power; to seize power of the government. (derrocar). Examples: “Allende's government in Chile was (. . .) by the army in 1973.” “Franco and the military participated in a coup d'état in order to (. . .) the Popular Front government of Spain.” “Rebellion is an activity aimed at (. . .) a government.”
to - to die or be destroyed. (perecer, fallecer) Examples: “Adapt or (. . .), now as ever, is nature's inexorable imperative.” (H. G. Wells) “The remainder of the crew and passengers (. . .) with their plane on impact with the ground.” “Does it follow that I reject all authority? (. . .) the thought. In the matter of boots, I defer to the authority of the boot-maker.” (Mikhail Bakunin)
to – to make violent efforts in the face of difficulties or opposition. (forcejear) Examples: "Aragorn and the orc (. . .) for the sword." "Frodo (. . .) to free himself from the giant spider's web." “Nowadays, many Spaniards (. . .) to make a living from month to month.”
to – to kill a person or an animal violently or with great bloodshed. (matar) Examples: “In the Massacre of Cannae in 216 BC, Hannibal's army (. . .) around 80,000 Roman infantry and cavalry while losing around 20,000 Carthaginian men.” “In fairy tales, knights in shining armor usually (. . .) dragons.” “If poverty were a man, I would have (. . .) him.” (Ali ibn Abi Talib)
to - to steal money or goods during war or mass violence. (saquear) Examples: “There is more treasure in books than in all the pirate's (. . .) on Treasure Island.” (Walt Disney) “(. . .) of private property such as precious metals by a victorious army during war has been common practice throughout recorded history.” “During World War II, Nazi Germany engaged in large scale and organized (. . .) of art and property.”
to - to move stealthily or in a hidden way, especially for evil purposes. (estar al acecho) Examples: “In Internet culture, a lurker is a person who (. . .) in discussions on forums, newsgroups, chatrooms and social networking sites, but rarely or never participates actively.” “. . . the deranged smears of Obama that have (. . .) unmolested around the edges of the Republican Party . . . can be faulted on the simple grounds that they are insane.” (The Economist) “They have taken the bridge and the second hall. We have barred the gates but cannot hold them for long. The ground shakes, drums . . . drums in the deep. We cannot get out. A shadow (. . .) in the dark. We cannot get out . . . they are coming.” (Gandalf - LOTR)
to – to retreat. (retirarse) Examples: “I don’t get depressed. When I feel an attack, I (. . .). I disappear, I replenish, and then I come back.” (Naomi Campbell) “Last week, I stated this woman was the ugliest woman I had ever seen. I have since been visited by her sister, and now wish to (. . .) that statement. (Mark Twain) “We must win in Iraq. If we (. . .), there will be chaos; there will be genocide; and they will follow us home.” (John McCain)
to - to make less strong; to lessen the strength; to reduce in intensity or effectiveness. (debilitar) Examples: “The disease (. . .) the immune system.” “Some are concerned that the increase in taxes will (. . .) the economy.” “If we adopt a conscious discipline we can (. . .) a negative emotion, such as anger, by encouraging its antidote, love and compassion. (Dalai Lama) “I consider it a mark of great prudence in a man to abstain from threats or any contemptuous expressions, for neither of these (. . .) the enemy, but threats make him more cautious, and the other excites his hatred, and a desire to revenge himself.” (Niccolo Machiavelli)
to – to run away from danger, evil, etc. (huir, fugarse). Examples: “They (. . .) the country just after the outbreak of the war.” “Residents continued to (. . .) Fukushima one year after the disaster.” “The prisoner tried to (. . .), but was caught by the guards.”


Related vocabulary
a chatroom - a website on the internet where users can communicate with each other about something in particular. (sala de chat)
a coup d’état – a rebellion with takeover. (golpe de estado)
crew a crew – a group of workers who work together. (tripulación)
a discipline - a systematic method of learning a field of study. (una disciplina)
a disease – an illness. (una enfermedad)
a drum a drum – a percussive musical instrument. (un tambor)
a fairy tale – a story featuring fantasy characters. (un cuento de hadas)
a knighta forum – a website for discussion. (un foro)
a halla hall – a main room in a palace. (sala)
a knight – a warrior, especially of the Middle Ages. (un caballero)
a newsgroup - a group of people who post messages about a single subject on a website. (grupo de noticias)
passengersa passenger – a traveler on a train, bus, airplane or other means of public transportation. (pasajero)
a shadow a shadow – a dark image projected onto a surface where light is blocked by the shade of an object. (una sombra) Example: “My shadow lengthened as the sun began to set.”
a smear - a false statement about someone; slander. (calumnia)
a social networking site – a website such as Facebook or Twitter in which users are able to communicate with just the people he permits to be his “friends”. (un sitio web de red social)
a spider a spider – an insect with 8 legs. (araña)
a statement – a declaration. (una declaración)
a sword a sword - a long-bladed weapon having a handle and sometimes a hilt and designed to stab, cut or slash. (una espada)
a threat – an expression of intent to injure or punish another. (una amenaza)
a weba web – the silken structure a spider builds using silk secreted from the tip of its abdomen. (tela de araña)
an antidote (for) - a remedy to counteract the effects of poison. (antídoto) Example: “She reached the hospital in time to receive the antidote for the snake venom.”
an edge - the boundary line of a surface. (el borde)
ancient – very old. (antiguo)
bloodshed - slaughter, massacre or destruction of life, notably on a large scale. (derramamiento de sangre)
brutally - viciously, barbarically. (brutalmente)
cautious – careful. (cuidadoso)
cavalrycavalry – soldiers on horses. (caballería)
census - an official count of members of a population. (censo)
chaos – a state of disorder. (caos)
citizen - a registered native of a country. (ciudadano)
contemptuous – arrogant and insulting. (desdeñoso)
convicted – a criminal who has been found guilty of a crime. (condenado)
deranged – crazy, insane. (perturbado)
effectiveness – the power or ability of being able to do something correctly. (efectividad)
estimated – calculated more or less. (estimado)
forcibly – done under protest or compulsion. (a la fuerza)
foreigner – a person from a different country. (extranjero)
genocide – the systematic killing of people on the basis of ethnicity, religion, political opinion, social status, or other particularity. (genocidio)
grounds – motives; basis for justification. (motive)
hatred – intense dislike. (odio)
hidden – concealed; not visible. (oculto)
an imperative – a must; an essential. (necesidad imperiosa)
inexorable – inevitable; impossible to stop. (inexorable)
infantryinfantry – soldiers who fight on foot. (infantería)
insane – crazy. (loco)
large scale – extensive. (en gran escala)
neighbouring – nearby. (vecino, los de al lado)
now as ever – now as always. (ahora como siempre)
povertypoverty – the state of being poor. (pobreza)
precious – of high value. (valioso, preciado)
prudence – being careful, prudent or cautious. (prudencia)
recorded (history) – knowledge or docementation of events that has been written down. (documentado)
remainder – something that is left over (or that “remains”) when other parts are taken away. (resto)
stealthily – in a furtive manner. (sigilosamente)
the outbreak (of war) - a violent eruption of violence. (estallido)
throughout – during an entire period of time. (durante todo)
to abstain from – to voluntarily avoid doing something. (abstenerse)
to adopt – to select by choice a new way of thinking or doing. (adopter)
to aim – to have as a purpose. (tener como propósito)
gatesto bar (the gates) - to obstruct; to lock. (obstruir)
to defer to - to submit to the opinion of another person. (mostrar conformidad con la opinión de una persona por respeto hacia ella)
to desire – to want. (desear)
to encourage – to mentally support or motivate. (animar)
to engage in – to participate in or to enter into a battle. (entablar)
to fault – to criticize or find defective. (criticar)
to follow - to be a logical consequence of. (ser la consequencia lógica)
to follow – to go after in a physical space. (seguir)
to hold (the gates) – to defend. (defender)
to lessen – to make or become less; to decrease. (disminuir)
to reduce – to decrease. (reducir)
to reject – to refuse to accept. (rechazar)
to replenish – to restore; to renew. (reponer)
to revenge – to retaliate. (vengar)
to seize – to take control of. (apoderar, hacerse con)
to shake – to violently move from side to side or up and down. (sacudir, temblar)
to shine – to reflect light. (relucir)
to state – to declare to be a fact. (declarar)
treasureto wish – to want. (desear)
treasure – a collection of valuable things. (tesoro)
unmolested – not interfered with. (sin ser molestado o sin interferencias)