Estudiar y Aprender Inglés

Science Fiction - Cloze

First, do these activities: vocabulary. Listen to the recording if necessary: MP3. Fill in all the gaps with the missing words, then press "Check" to check your answers. Use the "Hint" button to get a free letter if an answer is giving you trouble. You can also click on the "[?]" button to get a clue. Click the this button again for another letter. You can also click on "[?]" for a different hint. Note that you will lose points if you ask for hints or clues! Finally, do the quiz.

Primero, haz la actividad de vocabulario. Escucha la grabación si es necesario. Rellena los espacios en blanco con las palabras que faltan. Haz click en "Check" para comprobar tus aciertos. Si te resulta difícil la respuesta utiliza el botón "Hint" y te revelará una letra de la casilla en la que te encuentres, puedes clickear varias veces en "Hint" y te dará cada vez una letra más de la palabra. Para obtener ayuda también puedes clickear en el botón "[?]" y te dará una pista. Perderás puntos con las pistas.


   archenemies      arks      catastrophic      depiction      depletion      devolved      due      dysgenics      dystopia      emphasizes      espionage      exotic      far      fields      floating      franchise      gadgets      genre      hackers      hazards      life      loner      melodramatic      millennia      noir      outlaw      pandemic      paranoia      plausible      recur      revolt      scale      sentient      settings      showcase      struggle      subgenres      support      suspended      telekinesis      themes      vacuum      vast      virtues      wage      warped      wormholes   
Seven of Science fiction.
Modified extracts from Wikipedia.
Science fiction is a of fiction dealing with imaginary content that is more or less (or at least non-supernatural) such as future (such as alternative worlds or futures), futuristic science and technology, space travel, aliens (and other creatures), paranormal abilities (such as , telepathy, mind control and teleportation) and religions (such as “the Force”). Exploring the consequences of social and scientific innovations is one purpose of science fiction, making it a "literature of ideas".
Popular subgenres of the science fiction genre
1. “Space opera” is a subgenre of science fiction that involves quite a bit of world building that romantic and often desperately adventure dealing with war, military and piracy. Space operas are set mainly or entirely in the distant future in outer space and/or on away worlds with exotic settings, generally involving large- battles between large- interstellar governments (patterned on present and past empires, republics, federations and alliances), and between their respective larger-than-, colorful and heroic central characters and usually extremely evil . Typically, both of the opposing forces possess advanced futuristic technologies such as lasers, ray guns, particle beams, spaceships with faster-than-light travel, teleportation machines, force , artificial gravity, antigravity, humanoid computers and androids with artificial intelligence, and so on. One example of a “Space Opera” is “Star Wars”.
2. “Apocalyptic fiction” is concerned with the end of civilization to a catastrophe such as nuclear warfare, , extraterrestrial attack, impact event, cybernetic , technological singularity, , supernatural phenomena, climate change, resource or some other general disaster. “Post-apocalyptic fiction” is set in a world or civilization after such a disaster. One example of apocalyptic fiction is H.G. Wells' novel “The War of the Worlds”. Another is the TV series “The Walking Dead”.
3. “Military science fiction” is a subgenre of science fiction in which the main characters are members of a military service and an armed conflict is taking place, normally in space, or on a planet other than Earth. A detailed of the conflict, the tactics used to it, and the role of a military service and the individual members of that service form the basis for a work of military science fiction. Robert A. Heinlein's “Starship Troopers” is one example of this subgenre.
4. “Spy-fi” is a subgenre of science fiction which is also a subgenre of spy fiction. It is escapist fantasy which does not necessarily present as it is practiced in reality. It often uses a secret agent (solo or in a team) or superspy whose mission is a of science fiction elements such as technology and ideas used for extortion, plots for world domination or world destruction, futuristic weapons, and fast vehicles that can travel on land, fly, or sail on or under the sea. “James Bond” and “Mission Impossible” are both examples of this subgenre.
5. “Space colonization” science fiction deals with the concept of permanent human habitation outside of Earth. Potential sites for space colonies in our own solar system include the Moon, Mars, asteroids and free- space habitats. Building colonies in space would require access to water, food, space, people, construction materials, energy, transportation, communications, life , simulated gravity, and radiation protection. More than enough quantities of all the necessary materials, such as solar energy and water, are available from the Moon, Mars and asteroids.
Outside of our solar system, the main difficulty is the extraordinarily distances of interstellar space that have to be covered. Science fiction authors usually solve this problem by having their characters travel at a very high speed by using faster-than-light propulsion, perhaps space-time (such as, for example, the “warp drive” in the TV series “Star Trek” used to travel through a hypothetical “hyperspace”) and or teleportation (such as, for example, the portals employed in the TV series “Stargate”).
However, with most realistic propulsion methods with starships or giant interstellar voyaging at a slower-than-light speed through “real space”, the time involved for spaceflight from one solar system to another would be from decades to . Hence an interstellar craft would be much more severely exposed to the found in interplanetary voyages, including hard , radiation, weightlessness, micrometeoroids, and great biological and sociological problems that life aboard such a ship raises. The 2009 movie “Pandorum” is an example of interstellar colonization sci-fi combined with the horror genre. By the time the passengers reach their destination colony planet, some of the crew is suffering from severe , vivid hallucinations and psychosis, while others have over centuries into mutant cannibals bent on consuming the remaining passengers who are still in animation or hypersleep.
One example of “space colonization” sci-fi is the animated cartoon “Wall-E”.
6. “Time travel” sci-fi stories often have a number of which tend to again and again, often with enough variations to make them interesting. One theme has the main character travelling back to change the past and create an alternate history (for example, in “Back to the Future Part III” Marty McFly goes back to 1885 to stop an from killing Doc Brown in a duel, and bring him back home to 1985). Another theme has the main characters trying to change something in the present which will prevent something from happening in the future (for example, “The Terminator” includes several stories of time travelers from the future, engaged in a in the present to influence a post-apocalyptic future).
7. “Cyberpunk” science fiction is a subgenre noted for its focus on "high-tech and low-." Cyberpunk plots are often set in a near-future Earth in a post-industrial and centered on a conflict among , artificial intelligences, and mega-corporations. Protagonists in cyberpunk writing usually include computer hackers who are marginalized -heroes fighting injustice who use future technologies in ways never anticipated by their creators. Much of the subgenre's atmosphere echoes “film ” and detective fiction and this can be seen in films such as “Blade Runner” and “Matrix”. Some of the main characters in films such as these are usually androids (or humanoid robots) or computer programs.