Estudiar y Aprender Inglés

Happiness Comes From Respect, Not Riches
- Cloze

Activity by Kelley Pigott
Article by Stacey Kennelly

Fill in all the gaps with the missing words, then press "Check" to check your answers. Use the "Hint" button to get a free letter if an answer is giving you trouble. You can also click on the "[?]" button to get a clue. Click the this button again for another letter. You can also click on "[?]" for a different hint. Note that you will lose points if you ask for hints or clues!

Rellena los espacios en blanco con las palabras que faltan. Haz click en "Check" para comprobar tus aciertos. Si te resulta difícil la respuesta utiliza el botón "Hint" y te revelará una letra de la casilla en la que te encuentres, puedes clickear varias veces en "Hint" y te dará cada vez una letra más de la palabra. Para obtener ayuda también puedes clickear en el botón "[?]" y te dará una pista. Perderás puntos con las pistas.


   addressed      circles      echo      engaged      face      greater      happiness      income      instead      into      lead      opposed      peers      post      pursuing      rated      regardless      researchers      rose      sharpen      stand      status      success      suggest      surprisingly      tracked      wealth      whereas   
Happiness Comes From Respect, Not Riches
A series of studies shows that doesn’t make us happier — but the respect of others does.
by Stacey Kennelly

Money really can’t buy happiness, research shows. Instead, a new study suggests, those a happier life would be smart to their social skills.

In a series of four experiments, researchers found that it is the level of respect and admiration we receive from —not overall wealth or success—that more likely predicts happiness. They refer to this level of respect and admiration as our “sociometric status,” as to socioeconomic status (SES).

In one experiment, 80 college students from 14 different student groups how much they respected and admired the other people in their group, and how respected and admired they felt themselves; they also answered questions about their family’s and their own level of happiness.

The results, published in the journal Psychological Science, show that people with higher sociometric reported greater happiness, their socioeconomic status was not linked to their happiness.

In a similar experiment, more than 300 people answered questions about the respect and admiration they received within their friends, family, and work . They also reported their personal sense of power in those social circles, and how liked and accepted they felt, along with their income and .

Again, people of high sociometric status were much more likely to be happy than were people of high SES. Through their data analysis, the also found that these people were happier because they felt a greater sense of power and acceptance within their groups.

“Where people in their local hierarchy matters to their happiness,” they write.

But does feeling respected and admired actually cause people to be feel happier—or could it be that people admire who project happiness?

“You don’t have to be rich to be happy, but be a valuable contributing member to your groups."

The researchers that question in two additional experiments. In one, they manipulated people’s sense of status by asking them to compare themselves to people who were much more or much less respected and admired than they were. Other participants had to compare themselves to people who had much more or much less , education, and professional . Then all participants had to think about how their “similarities and differences” might come play if they were to interact with these imaginary others.

In this case, people temporarily made to feel like they were of higher sociometric status were happier than people made to feel like they were of lower sociometric status, of their actual status outside of the experiment. By contrast, people made to feel like they had high socioeconomic status were not happier than people made to feel like they had low SES. The results strongly that feeling respected and admired can actually cause our happiness to increase, feeling wealthy (without also feeling respected) doesn’t carry the same effect.

In the final part of the study, the researchers 156 MBA students, following them from shortly before their business school graduation through nine months after graduation. For many of these students, their graduation brought a change in sociometric status—someone admired on campus, for instance, could be disrespected at his or her -graduate job, even if his or her income went up.

The results show that as the students’ sociometric status or fell, their happiness level or fell accordingly; in fact, changes to their sociometric status were much more strongly linked to happiness than were changes to their socioeconomic status.

The findings past research finding that income has little effect on happiness, says Cameron Anderson, a professor at the University of Calfiornia, Berkeley’s Haas School of Business and the author of the study.

Instead, Anderson and his colleagues’ research suggests that what really matters is the respect, admiration, and feelings of power we get from others within our -to-face groups.

“You don’t have to be rich to be happy, but instead be a valuable contributing member to your groups,” says Anderson. “What makes a person high in status in a group is being , generous with others, and making self sacrifices for the good.”

Stacey Kennelly wrote this article for Greater Good, the UC Berkeley-based magazine that covers research into the roots of compassion, happiness, and altruism. This article is republished through a special collaboration between Greater Good and YES! Magazine, a national, nonprofit media organization that fuses powerful ideas with practical actions.