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Sportsmanship - Cloze

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Sportsmanship, Gamesmanship and Breaking the Rules.
Extracts from Wikipedia.
A good sportsman:
expresses an aspiration or that the sport activity will be enjoyed for its own , with proper consideration for fairness, self-control, ethics, respect for authority, and a sense of with one's competitors. A “good sport” or “good ” means being a "good winner" as well as being a "good loser".
A loser:
A competitor who exhibits poor sportsmanship after losing a game or contest is often called a "sore loser". A “sore loser” refers to one who doesn't take defeat well. Behavior of a sore loser includes others, not taking responsibility for personal actions, reacting immaturely or improperly, making excuses for one's loss, referring to unfavorable conditions or other issues.
A bad winner:
A competitor who exhibits conduct after winning is typically called a "bad winner". A bad winner acts in a shallow fashion such as about his or her win (or as in an excessive celebration following a scoring play), or rubbing it in the face of the one who lost and lowering the opponent's self-esteem by constantly reminding them of how "poorly" they performed in comparison (even if they participated well).
Gamesmanship refers to the use of methods to win a game without getting caught (i.e. by pushing the rules to the limit). These methods, though not technically against the rules, run contrary to the ethos of the good sportsman. A good gamesman often gives the appearance of being a good sportsman and, for example, may intentionally distract their opponent by loudly about spectators who may or may not be distracting their opponent at this crucial moment in the game. The purpose of the “intentional mistake” in cases such as these are to “break the of the opponent's play” in order to gain an advantage over an opponent.
Flow-breaking techniques:
Other “flow-breaking" techniques include calling “” when one’s opponents seem to be getting really “hot”, injury to delay or break the flow of a game, “” fouling one’s opponent, and intentionally taking too long to give the other team their turn (by holding on to the ball too long or by throwing it off the court instead of passing it to one’s opponents or the ).
Intentionally fouling one’s opponent:
Getting “hot” means playing really effectively or scoring easily repeatedly. Basketball players will frequently intentionally foul “” opponents earlier in their drive to the basket in order to break or “ice” their scoring .
Calling timeout:
In late-game situations in basketball with a player shooting free throws, the opposing team will often take a timeout. This is commonly referred to as "icing the shooter". This gives the shooter an excessive amount of time to -think about the critical shot. The intent is to cause the shooter to get overly stressed about making a mistake and hopefully create a self-fulfilling prophecy.
Breaking the rules:
Prohibited or acts in sports frequently include performance-enhancing drug taking (known as ""), feigning injury to provide scoring opportunities, using equipment that does not conform to the rules or altering the condition of equipment during play, deliberate harassment or injury to competitors and “ the game”.
One example of cheating took place in the 2000 Summer Paralympics in Sydney when Spain was of their intellectual disability basketball gold medals shortly after the Games closed after an journalist who was a member of the victorious team revealed to the Spanish business magazine Capital that most of his team mates had not medical tests to ensure that they had a disability. They were in fact normal people.
Feigning injury to provide scoring opportunities:
In soccer (or “football” in Europe), “” (or “simulation”, the term used by FIFA) is an attempt by a player to gain an unfair and unsportsmanlike advantage by diving to the ground upon light (or even non-existent) contact from an opponent and possibly an injury, to appear as if a foul has been committed. Players do this so they can receive free kicks or penalty kicks, which can provide scoring opportunities, or perhaps the opposing player will receive a yellow or red card, giving their own team an advantage.
In one variation of the injury feigning technique, a Chilean player named Rojas injured himself in a soccer match in order to avoid a loss by his team for the 1990 FIFA World Cup. Around the 70-minute mark, Rojas fell to the pitch (field) writhing and holding his forehead. A firework, thrown from the stands by a Brazilian fan was smoldering about a meter away. Rojas, his head , was carried off the field; his teammates then refused to return claiming conditions were unsafe. The match went unfinished. Video-evidence later showed that Rojas had not been hit by the firework. His head injury was discovered to have been self- with a razor blade hidden in his glove.
There is a long history of the widespread illegal usage of enhancing drugs to improve athletic performance. Some sports organizations strictly ban their usage while others pretend not to notice. One scandal in Spain in the mid 2000s involved many cyclists as well as tennis and football players. An important doctor ended up being arrested by police for an extensive blood scheme whereby riders would have blood removed a few weeks before a race and then have blood cells re-injected before a competition.
Altering of equipment:
Illegally altering the condition of playing equipment is frequently seen in sports such as baseball and cricket. For example in baseball, a pitcher using a baseball (e.g. putting Vaseline on the baseball), or a batter using a corked bat are some examples of this. In another sport, fencing, in the 1972 Summer Olympics, one competitor (Onischchenko) was discovered to have modified his foil by the addition of a so that he could signal a strike even when he had struck nothing at all. , newspapers decried him as “Disonischenko”.
Deliberate injury of competitors:
At times, competitors go to criminal extremes to win. In one case, Tonya Harding was an American figure skater who became after her ex-husband conspired with others to break her skating competitor’s right leg at a practice session during the 1994 U.S. Figure Skating Championships. In another case in 1991, Wanda Holloway hired a hitman to murder the mother of her daughter’s cheerleading rival that she would be so by the death of her mother that she would drop out of the competition.
Throwing the game (or “taking a dive” in boxing):
Illegal will at times pay sports players to lose so that they may profit from the otherwise unexpected loss. According to the Sportradar (a company that monitors more than 30,000 games across Europe for signs of betting or wagering that may indicate a game is fixed, some 300 football games a season are in Europe’s top leagues. One specific example of “throwing the game” is the especially notorious case of the Black Sox Scandal from Baseball when eight players of the 1919 Chicago White Sox took payment from gamblers and intentionally played poorly.

(write "otherwise" - sorry, this was a mistake by the program)