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Pasado del verbo "to be"

El verbo "to be" en el pasado se utiliza para hablar de como ha sido o estado algo o alguien en el pasado. Es bastante similar al español. Lo que soy ahora es lo que era en el pasado y simplemente se cambia la forma del verbo "to be" del presente a su forma correspondiente en el pasado. Doy ejemplos más abajo.

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By Steven Starry - (Profesor en Alcorcón)



La estructura básica del verbo "to be" en pasado:


 
Sujeto
Verbo
objeto / complemento
 
 
I
was
a student.
Era alumno.
 
You
were
happy.
Eras feliz.
 
He
was
a musician.
Fue músico.
 
She
was
in the car.
Estaba en el coche.
 
It
was
a hot day.
Era un día caluroso.
 
We
were
lucky.
Tuvimos suerte
 
You
were
from Madrid.
Erais de Madrid.
 
They
were
ours.
Eran nuestros.

Practica: Pasado del verbo "to be" afirmativo.




Compara el presente con el pasado del verbo "to be"


Sujeto
Verbo
   
Sujeto
Verbo
 
I
am
a student.
 
I
was
a student.
You
are
happy.
 
You
were
happy.
He
is
a musician.
 
He
was
a musician.
She
is
in the car.
 
She
was
in the car.
It
is
a hot day.
 
It
was
a hot day.
We
are
lucky.
 
We
were
lucky.
You
are
from Madrid.
 
You
were
from Madrid.
They
are
ours.
 
They
were
ours.

Practica: Pasado y presente del verbo "to be" comparado.




La estructura básica del negativo del verbo "to be" en pasado


 
Sujeto
Verbo
objeto / complemento
 
 
I
was not
a student.
No era alumno.
 
You
were not
happy.
No eras feliz.
 
He
was not
a musician.
No era músico.
 
She
was not
in the car.
No estaba en el coche.
 
It
was not
a hot day.
No era un día caluroso.
 
We
were not
lucky.
No tuvimos suerte.
 
You
were not
from Madrid.
No erais de Madrid.
 
They
were not
ours.
No eran nuestros.

Practica: Pasado del verbo "to be" negativo.

Nota: Forma contraida: "was not" = "wasn't", "were not" = "weren't".




La estructura básica del interrogativo del verbo "to be" en pasado


 
Verbo
Sujeto
objeto / complemento
 
 
Was
I
a student?
¿Era alumno?
 
Were
you
happy?
¿Eras feliz?
 
Was
he
a musician?
¿Era músico?
 
Was
she
in the car?
¿Estaba en el coche?
 
Was
it
a hot day?
¿Era un día caluroso?
 
Were
we
lucky?
¿Tuvimos suerte?
 
Were
you
from Madrid?
¿Eras de Madrid?
 
Were
they
ours?
¿Eran nuestros?

Nota: Para hacer una oración interrogativa con el verbo "to be" en pasado simplemente se intercambia el verbo "to be" con el sujeto.

Practicar: Pasado del verbo "to be" interrogativo




La estructura básica de las respuestas cortas del verbo "to be" en pasado


 
Af.
     
Neg.
 
 
Yes,
I was.
     
No,
I was not. (wasn't)
 
Yes,
you were.
     
No,
you were not. (weren't)
 
Yes,
he was.
     
No,
he was not. (wasn't)
 
Yes,
she was.
     
No,
she was not. (wasn't)
 
Yes,
it was.
     
No,
it was not. (wasn't)
 
Yes,
we were.
     
No,
we were not. (weren't)
 
Yes,
you were.
     
No,
you were not. (weren't)
 
Yes,
they were.
     
No,
they were not. (weren't)

Practicar: Pasado del verbo "to be" respuestas cortas

Nota: No se contrae la forma afirmativa de las respuestas cortas.




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Gramática - Inglés.

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